This course deals with the study of muscles, as they are involved in the science of human movement. Since muscles attach to bones through tendons, both skeletal and muscular structures are involved. It is assumed that the student has already completed a basic human anatomy course. At the completion of this course the student should be able to

·         Identify on a human skeleton and/or a living subject the most important bones and bony features for the major joints of the body,

·        List and organize the muscles that produce the primary movements for all the major joints of the body

·         Analyze basic movements in terms of muscle actions. Information will also be presented on how to strengthen and stretch most of these muscles.


This course will comprise of Microscopic anatomy of human body; with emphasis on relationships between structure and function of tissues and organs. Also some fundamental techniques and instrumentation will be taught and learned along with emphasis on principles underlying preparation of material for histological, histo-chemical and ultra-structural examination and interpretation of results.

By the end of the course, the graduate of MPhil Anatomy must have acquired a reasonable working knowledge of:

1.1      Cognitive domain:

1.    The fundamental components of the human viscera

2.    The gross structure of various viscera of the human body

3.    The viscera in cross sections

4.    Neurovascular supply of human viscera

5.    Anatomical aspects of human body cavities

6.    Functional anatomy of the various viscera of the human body

7.    Organization of the parietal and visceral peritoneum, its lesser and greater sacs, mesenteries and peritoneal ligaments

8.    The different regions, anatomical landmarks and regions of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis                                  

9.    To solve clinical problems related to Anatomy of human viscerae

1.2      Affective Domain:

1.    Manage time and courses to submit assignments on time

2.    Apply principles of professional conduct in paper submission (plagiarism)

3.    Demonstrate professional behavior by completing all course requirements, including course evaluations, in a timely manner.

4.    Demonstrate responsibility and accountability by attending and being punctual at all required course activities such as laboratory sessions, workshops and exams.

5.    Demonstrate professional behavior by requesting any excused absence from required course activities well ahead of the scheduled date.

6.    Demonstrate professional behavior by responding to direct communication from the course faculty in a timely fashion, particularly in circumstances when a face-to face meeting is requested to discuss issues related to academic performance.

7.    Demonstrate professional and ethical behavior by honestly completing course examinations without attempting to seek an advantage by unfair means; and by reporting any unethical behavior of peers to the course administration.

1.3      Research:

1.    Critically analyse research articles and develop a literature review.

2.    Discuss the research based recent advances in the relevant field.

3.    Learn to interpret the findings in the medical literature for future research

4.    Improve critical appraisal skills and conduct it effectively