This course will comprise of Microscopic anatomy of human body; with emphasis on relationships between structure and function of tissues and organs. Also some fundamental techniques and instrumentation will be taught and learned along with emphasis on principles underlying preparation of material for histological, histo-chemical and ultra-structural examination and interpretation of results.

This course will introduce embryological development as a major topic within medical sciences. Students completing this course will have a broad understanding of: human development, some animal models of development and current related research topics. It will enable students to explore and gain further understanding of embryology both early and systematic through the investigation of development in both humans and animal models. This course will enable students to broadly understand abnormalities in development and current applications to medical research. Within the Anatomy program it introduces the developmental origin of organs and tissues as a cornerstone for later study of topics such as Visceral or Functional Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, Cell Biology, Microscopy in Research.

In this course for PhD anatomy students, the major emphasis will be on the Prenatal human development and on correlation of normal development with development of common congenital malformations.

Furthermore, the structure and function of human body will be discussed in light of anatomical relationships and concepts and their functional significance

By the end of the course, the graduate of PhD Anatomy must have acquired a reasonable working knowledge of:

Cognitive domain:

1.     Acquire an understanding of the importance of human embryology and developmental anatomy to enhance student appreciation of normal body structure and function and correlate it to abnormal body structure and function

2.     Acquire familiarity with signalling occurring at a molecular level

3.     Genetic, molecular and cellular basis of the mechanisms that regulate those critical embryological events

4.     Acquire an awareness of the field of perinatology (the branch of medicine focused on the foetus and new-born infant) its approaches and tools (amniocentesis, fetoscopy, ultrasonography, molecular biology, etc

In this one credit hour course, Ph.D. Anatomy students will be teaching of MPhil anatomy students as teaching assistants on weekly basis. The course will not only allow students to avail a postgraduate teaching experience but will also provide good opportunities for MPhil and Ph.D. students to interact. The teaching assistants will be assessed on the basis of teaching portfolios that they will submit after carrying out every teaching and learning session. 

This course is based on acquiring fundamental techniques and instrumentation with an emphasis on principles underlying the preparation of material for histological, histo-chemical and ultra-structural examination and interpretation of results.